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Table 2.

Primary and Secondary Outcomes of PULIT

Outcome MeasurenT0, M (SD)Mdn (IQR)T3, M (SD)pES
T1T2
Primary: GAS 23  −2.00 (0.00) 1.00 (1.00)  <.001* rES = .89a 
Secondary        
 Child-rated COPM performance 19 3.62 (1.79)   7.02 (2.21) <.001** d = 1.40a 
 Child-rated COPM satisfaction 17 4.98 (2.29)   7.59 (1.72) .001** d = 0.94a 
 Parent-rated COPM performance 23 3.64 (1.11)   6.82 (1.58) <.001** d = 2.55a 
 Parent-rated COPM satisfaction 23 4.03 (1.74)   7.20 (2.04) <.001** d = 2.07a 
 BBT affected side 21 16.48 (9.00)   18.57 (9.13) .007*** d = 0.67b 
 BBT dominant side 21 49.76 (10.20)   55.05 (10.22) .001*** d = 0.84a 
NHPT affected side 19       
 Group 1 90.10 s (31.98)   82.82 s (25.88) .579 d = 0.25c 
 Group 2 Not possible   148.02 s (41.35)   
 Group 3 10 Not possible   Not possible   
NHPT dominant side 19 24.50 s (5.43)   23.16 s (4.26) .126 d = 0.35c 
Outcome MeasurenT0, M (SD)Mdn (IQR)T3, M (SD)pES
T1T2
Primary: GAS 23  −2.00 (0.00) 1.00 (1.00)  <.001* rES = .89a 
Secondary        
 Child-rated COPM performance 19 3.62 (1.79)   7.02 (2.21) <.001** d = 1.40a 
 Child-rated COPM satisfaction 17 4.98 (2.29)   7.59 (1.72) .001** d = 0.94a 
 Parent-rated COPM performance 23 3.64 (1.11)   6.82 (1.58) <.001** d = 2.55a 
 Parent-rated COPM satisfaction 23 4.03 (1.74)   7.20 (2.04) <.001** d = 2.07a 
 BBT affected side 21 16.48 (9.00)   18.57 (9.13) .007*** d = 0.67b 
 BBT dominant side 21 49.76 (10.20)   55.05 (10.22) .001*** d = 0.84a 
NHPT affected side 19       
 Group 1 90.10 s (31.98)   82.82 s (25.88) .579 d = 0.25c 
 Group 2 Not possible   148.02 s (41.35)   
 Group 3 10 Not possible   Not possible   
NHPT dominant side 19 24.50 s (5.43)   23.16 s (4.26) .126 d = 0.35c 

Note. Five children completed the NHPT at both T0 and T3, 4 children were not able to do so at T0 but were able at T3, and 10 children were not able to complete it at T0 or T3. BBT = Box and Block Test; COPM = Canadian Occupational Performance Measure; ES = effect size; GAS = goal attainment scaling; IQR = interquartile range; NHPT = Nine-Hole Peg Test; PULIT = Personalized Upper Limb Intensive Therapy; T0 = Time 0, T1 – 3 wk; T1 = Time 1, Day 1 of intervention; T2 = Time 2, Day 8 of intervention; T3 = Time 3, T2 + 3 wk.

a

Large.

b

Medium.

c

Small.

*

p = .05.

**

p = .0125.

***

p = .025.

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