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Table 2.

Guidelines by Study Type

Study Design Reporting Guidelines Required Recommended 
Randomized controlled trials CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT)  
Observational studies (e.g., cohort, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies) STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)  
Qualitative research Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR) and COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research (COREQ) when interviews and focus groups are included in the study design  
Diagnostic/prognostic studies Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy (STARD)  
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)  
Scoping reviews PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR)  
Measurement studies COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN)  
Study Design Reporting Guidelines Required Recommended 
Randomized controlled trials CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT)  
Observational studies (e.g., cohort, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies) STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)  
Qualitative research Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR) and COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research (COREQ) when interviews and focus groups are included in the study design  
Diagnostic/prognostic studies Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy (STARD)  
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)  
Scoping reviews PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR)  
Measurement studies COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN)  

Note. Table based on recommended guidelines from the EQUATOR Network. Additional guidelines can be found at the EQUATOR website.

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