Letter to the Editor
Improving Standards of Research Reporting in Intervention Research: Considerations for the Rehabilitation Treatment Specification System Model
The interprofessional Rehabilitation Treatment Specification System (RTSS) has great potential for reporting in a way that helps bridge the gap between research and practice, and while there are challenges to its implementation and widespread adoption that are currently being addressed, the American Journal of Occupational Therapy encourages authors to consider using RTSS components when describing rehabilitation interventions.
Health Policy Perspectives
Exploring Reimbursement Pathways for Lifestyle Medicine and Health Promotion Services in Occupational Therapy
In this Health Policy Perspectives article, we emphasize the need for reimbursement and propose pathways for new and perhaps untapped or underutilized models of reimbursement for occupational therapy practitioners.
The initial results of this study indicate that the iPad precision drawing app Standardized Tracing Evaluation and Grapheme Assessment (STEGA) can provide the first rapid, quantitative, high-resolution, telehealth-capable assessment of the motor control that underpins handwriting.
This study provides evidence for establishing functional cognition as a unique construct that is distinct from executive function as well as from fluid and crystallized cognition, and supports occupational therapy professionals in establishing the profession’s role in evaluating and treating functional cognition deficits to support patients’ return to desired occupations in the family, workplace, and community.
This study provides age- and sex-specific norms of the Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT) for a middle-aged and elderly population. The data represent useful reference values when assessing manual dexterity in higher age groups.
Effect of Occupational Therapy in Promoting Medication Adherence in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Occupational therapists can provide assessment using the Integrative Medication Self-Management Intervention (IMedS) to positively influence medication adherence in a primary care setting.
Rohingya refugees experience imbalanced, deprived, and maladapted occupations in refugee camps and should have access to comprehensive health and rehabilitative care, including occupation-based services, to facilitate their social integration.
Assessment of both motor development and sensory processing can play an essential role in identifying infants who need early intervention, which occupational therapy practitioners can play a crucial role in.
This review highlights the opportunity to develop a stronger, evidence-based strategy for occupational therapy workforce development and professional advocacy.
Using the Upper Extremity Fugl-Meyer Assessment (UE–FMA) as a comparison, the Functional Upper Extremity Levels (FUEL) is a valid tool to assess the upper extremity in an acute neurological population and supports the value of the FUEL’s application in clinical poststroke care.
Stakeholders’ Experiences Using Videoconferencing for a Group-Based Stroke Intervention During COVID-19: A Thematic Analysis
The study findings provide stakeholder-identified barriers and facilitators, as well as stakeholder-informed recommendations, for technology training protocols that may support uptake of telerehabilitation in occupational therapy.
Informal Caregivers’ Perceptions of Facilitators of Successful Weight Management for People With Spinal Cord Injury
This article is novel in the presentation of informal caregivers’ perceptions about successful facilitators of weight management among people with spinal cord injury (SCI), which is important because caregivers are intimately involved in the daily activities of people with SCI and can be a liaison for occupational therapists and other health care providers about ways to facilitate healthy eating and physical activity.
Stories to Take the Edge Off Pain During Immunization for Preschoolers: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Using a pictorial story that includes information related to immunization, coping strategies, and distraction techniques may be a feasible, simple, and cost-effective intervention to reduce pain perception among children during immunization and provide a way of educating the parent and child about the procedure.
This study confirms the validity and reliability of two screening scales for handwriting issues: the Handwriting Legibility Scale (HLS) and the Concise Assessment Scale of Children’s Handwriting (BHK), both of which are recommended for occupational therapy practice.
Feasibility of Health Promoting Activity Coaching for Mothers of Children With Disabilities: Pilot Nonrandomized Controlled Trial
This article provides support for the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of the novel Healthy Mothers Healthy Families–Health Promoting Activities Coaching (HMHF–HPAC) intervention for mothers of children with disabilities, which can be embedded in existing family services to improve participation in healthy activities and mental health and to evaluate outcome measures.
This review provides occupational therapy practitioners with a comprehensive understanding of the importance of school engagement to mental health and the range of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional engagement measures currently available for use with elementary school–age children, thereby enhancing the profession’s knowledge and scope of practice in school engagement.
Effectiveness of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy for Children With Hemiparesis Associated With Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review
This systematic review demonstrates that constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is an effective intervention when compared with other therapeutic approaches and can be used by occupational therapy practitioners who work alongside children diagnosed with hemiparesis associated with cerebral palsy (CP).
Prevalence of Early Feeding Alterations Among Preterm Infants and Their Relationship to Early Neurobehavior
Elucidating the relationships between feeding performance and neurobehavior during the neonatal period allows for a better understanding of potential contributors to early feeding challenges and enables occupational therapists to take a holistic approach in addressing feeding difficulties and identifying targets for intervention.
The study findings support the need for and use of meaningful activities to support well-being and health for adults with low income. Occupational therapy practitioners can use measures such as the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey (EMAS) to strategically infuse aspects of meaning that promote engagement and foster well-being.
Columns: Brief Report
The results of this study inform a meaningful and necessary plan to train new occupational therapy faculty members as academicians and to ensure continuing development of experienced faculty for optimal performance and retention.
Columns: The Issue Is . . .
This article identifies examples of microaggressions and suggests strategies to address implicit bias and microaggressions in occupational therapy programs.