Theory-Based Self-Management Interventions for Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
This review supports and guides occupational therapy practitioners in the use of theory-based self-management interventions in stroke rehabilitation to enhance outcomes.
The preliminary findings of this study suggest that the Computerized Implied Meaning Test may provide reliable, valid, and gender-unbiased results to inform interventions to manage theory-of-mind deficits for patients with schizophrenia.
Development and Psychometric Testing of the Bimanual Assessment Measure for People With Chronic Stroke
The BAM was shown to be a valid, reliable measure for people with chronic stroke. It can be used to measure bimanual functioning, which may help people return to prestroke hand roles.
Precis (for TOC): The findings of this study highlight the importance of considering the subjective experiences of children and youth returning to occupations postconcussion and the need for an occupation-based framework to guide interventions in effective pediatric concussion management.
Among women with breast cancer–related symptoms 5 years after diagnosis, this study highlights the value of a comprehensive assessment of daily participation in activity domains and individual meaningful activities to provide a deeper understanding of the associations among long-term symptoms, participation restrictions, and coping strategies.
Utility of the AM-PAC “6 Clicks” Basic Mobility and Daily Activity Short Forms to Determine Discharge Destination in an Acute Stroke Population
This study demonstrates the utility of the Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC) “6 Clicks” Daily Activity and Basic Mobility short forms in the discharge planning process to identify the next level of care for people who have had a stroke.
Precis (for TOC): This article reviews existing research on coaching models used by occupational therapists in early intervention and concludes that they are a viable intervention. Future research should seek to demonstrate the efficacy of caregiver coaching in achieving child and family outcomes and the training needed to implement coaching practices.
Precis (for TOC): This study estimates the extent and predictors of burnout among U.S. occupational therapy practitioners and recommends future research, advocacy, and policy to explore structural-level interventions to reduce burnout and to promote workplace health and safety.
Appraising Psychiatric Care From a Different Angle: Occupational Therapy Activities and Cardiorespiratory Fitness for Inpatients With Chronic Mental Illness
This study affirms the need for occupational therapists in psychiatric inpatient settings to prescribe individualized occupation-based or physical activities for people with chronic mental illness to improve their cardiorespiratory function.
An Internet-Based Self-Management Intervention to Reduce Fatigue Among People With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
This study provides preliminary evidence that Maximizing Energy, an internet-based, self-management intervention, may reduce fatigue impact and severity in people with post–traumatic brain injury fatigue.
Establishing the Validity of the Internet-Based Bill-Paying Task to Assess Executive Function Deficits Among Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury
Precis (for TOC): This study supports the validity and use of the internet-based Bill-Paying Task to identify executive function (EF) deficits and understand the impact on daily function for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Bill-Paying Task can be used to assist with rehabilitation treatment planning for people with TBI.
Reporting Quality in Abstracts of Randomized Controlled Trials Published in High-Impact Occupational Therapy Journals
This study found that the reporting quality in abstracts of randomized controlled trials published in the five highest impact occupational therapy journals was moderate to low and recommends that journal editors require authors of RCTs to use the CONSORT-A checklist to promote optimal reporting and to enable occupational therapy practitioners to critically appraise the validity of findings.
Validation of the Persian Version of the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey (EMAS) in an Iranian Stroke Population: Predictors of Participation in Meaningful Activities
The results of this study show that the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey (EMAS) is a reliable and valid scale for assessing the engagement of chronic stroke survivors in meaningful activities, supporting its use in clinical research and practice.
Precis (for TOC): This psychometric comparison demonstrates the reliability and validity of three measures of depression—Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Beck Depression Inventory–II, and Geriatric Depression Scale—for patients with stroke.
Initial Development and Evaluation of the My Family’s Accessibility and Community Engagement (MyFACE) Tool for Families of Children With Disabilities
This initial evaluation of the My Family’s Accessibility and Community Engagement (MyFACE) tool highlights sound psychometric properties that clinicians and researchers can use with families of children with disabilities to measure parental perceptions of community inclusion. Further development of the tool is warranted.
This study further supports the use of Ayres Sensory Integration as an effective evidence-based intervention to improve self-care, socialization, and parent-identified goal attainment in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Columns: Brief Report
This study highlights the contribution of perceived autonomy in everyday activities to children’s involvement and persistence in cognitive tasks by providing empirical data on children’s persistence regarding executive functions and perceived meaning of occupations. Occupational therapists can promote children’s involvement and persistence by supporting a sense of autonomy in everyday activities, although further study is needed.
This study provides evidence of soft skills improvement and confidence in delivering a manualized intervention by occupational therapy master’s-level students (OTS) as near-peer facilitators of the Assistive Soft Skills & Employment Training (ASSET) program with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) population.
The results of this study can inform the further investigation of the use of the side-lying position as a feeding treatment protocol for infants with vocal cord paresis (VCP).
Columns: The Issue Is...
Occupational therapy practitioners can minimize distress and discomfort and support people in having a dignified death; however, additional conceptual work on the part of occupational scientists should address deliberately dying as a meaningful and purposeful occupation for a person who is freely capable of consent.
Pediatric occupational therapy practitioners can engage in collaborative psychosocial and activity interventions as part of disaster management and recovery in restoring normalcy for children.
Evidence-Based Practice: Systematic Review Briefs
Impairment-Based Interventions to Improve Social Participation Outcomes for Adults Poststroke (January 1, 2009–December 31, 2019)
This brief presents findings from the systematic review on stroke and impairment-based interventions within the scope of occupational therapy practice to improve social participation for adults poststroke.
This brief presents findings from the systematic review on interventions to improve participation in work and leisure for adults poststroke. Although future research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of occupational therapy intervention, occupational therapy practitioners have the knowledge and skills to collaborate with clients to target leisure participation outcomes poststroke.
Occupation-Based Interventions for Social Participation Outcomes for Adults Poststroke (January 1, 2009–December 31, 2019)
This brief presents findings from the systematic review on occupation-based interventions for social participation outcomes for adults poststroke. Improvements in social participation, social functioning, or social roles were primarily found in studies that were occupation based.