Health Policy Perspectives
Considerations on how occupational therapy practitioners may use Choosing Wisely® recommendations to engage clients in shared decision making and provide high-quality, evidence-based care.
Association Between Sensory Features and High-Order Repetitive and Restricted Behaviors and Interests Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
The findings of this study enhance occupational therapy practitioners’ understanding of the association between sensory features and high-order repetitive and restricted behaviors, which may assist in planning more efficient interventions.
Participation Mediates the Relationship Between Postconcussive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation Among Veterans
This study is the first of its kind to offer evidence that the suicide risk posed by postconcussive symptoms (PCS) may in part be explained by participation restrictions. Occupational therapy practitioners may mitigate veterans’ suicide risk by directly managing PCS and enabling participation despite such symptoms.
Ride-On Cars With Different Postures and Motivation in Children With Disabilities: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study supports the effects of ride-on car training with conventional therapy to improve mobility, psychosocial function, and play performance of young children with motor disabilities.
Although the Brief Pain Inventory is a commonly used pain intensity and pain interference measure for patients with low back pain, this study suggests that caution should be exercised in interpreting the Intensity subscale score and its item scores.
This research demonstrates that autistic youth recognize a need to focus on developing generalizable career skills, such as self-management, self-advocacy, and enhanced learning, which can be used in transition planning.
Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy Practice: A Scoping Review of Qualitative and Conceptual Peer-Reviewed Literature
This review advances knowledge about how clinical reasoning has been conceptualized in occupational therapy and has been applied in a range of practice contexts.
The findings of this study indicate that optimism positively affected functional ability, and hope positively influenced participation in daily life, 6 mo after a hip fracture among older adults. Long-term intervention should strengthen these powerful aids in older patients’ physical recovery.
Cognitive Predictors of Social Interaction in Daily Contexts Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study found that theory of mind and cool executive function are the cognitive predictors of social interaction in daily contexts among children with ASD whose verbal comprehension is average or above.
Development and Refinement of the American Occupational Therapy Association’s Knowledge Translation Toolkit
This study outlines the methods used to develop AOTA’s Knowledge Translation Toolkit, including considerations for reducing the research-to-practice gap.
The Better Together training program can enhance providers’ perceptions of the extent to which they implement aspects of family-centered care and their related self-efficacy and minimize differences in implementation across expertise levels and practice settings.
Working With Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Clients: Occupational Therapy Practitioners’ Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes
Results of this study offer evidence that a basic level of continuing education can improve occupational therapy practitioners’ knowledge of and skills for working with LGBT populations.
Sensory Features of Young Children From a Large Community Sample: Latent Factor Structures of the Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (Version 2.1, Short Form)
The Sensory Experiences Questionnaire Version 2.1., Short Form, can be used to assess the three broad patterns of sensory responsiveness among the general population of young children.
Columns: Brief Report
The findings from this study suggest that therapeutic communication may be perceived differently by clients and therapists, highlighting the importance of therapists’ communicative self-awareness and a need for strategies to clarify their intentions and clients’ experiences.
This study provides preliminary support for MealSense, a web-based program designed to help parents of children with autism spectrum disorder address feeding difficulties related to sensory integration challenges.
Development and Initial Testing of the Electronic Activity Card Sort (ACS3) Among Community-Dwelling Adults
Findings suggest that performance on the ACS3 is consistent with performance on the ACS, while providing administrators with more clinical efficiency.
Columns: The Issue Is...
Occupational therapy practitioners can help mitigate climate change by expanding our thinking to facilitate the adoption of sustainable lifestyles, promote balance between occupation and environmental health, and become active global participants in addressing climate.
Evidence-Based Practice: Systematic Review Briefs
Multimodal interventions, including stroke education, training, coping strategies, support, counseling, and problem-solving techniques led to improvements in caregivers of people with stroke to maintain participation in the caregiver role.
Education and Support Interventions for Caregivers of Persons With Stroke (January 1, 1999–December 31, 2019)
Caregivers of persons with stroke need emotional and psychological support across the continuum of care. Practitioners should consider using individual rather than group interventions, and include home visits, to target caregiver needs.
Education and Training Interventions for Caregivers of People With Stroke (January 1, 1999–December 31, 2019)
Mitigating the negative effects of caregiving of persons with stroke is most effective when education and training are provided postdischarge in the home. The home provides caregivers with flexibility, which helps increase follow through and participation.
Interventions Using Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy Techniques for Caregivers of People With Stroke (January 1, 1999– December 31, 2019)
Problem-solving training for caregivers when paired with other CBT techniques, such as cognitive restructuring, reframing, or relaxation, can help alleviate symptoms of depression and physical complaints in caregivers.
This Practice Guideline provides a summary and applications of current evidence supporting a multidisciplinary, tailored, and goal-oriented intervention that is recommended for people with Parkinson’s disease. Case examples are presented along with suggested decision-making algorithms to support practitioners in addressing client goals.