Health Policy Perspectives
This column advocates the clinical potential of PROMs to advance value for occupational therapy patients and the profession.
Development of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination Station for Pediatric Occupational Therapy and an Evaluation of Its Quality
The OSCE station for using a standardized assessment is a reliable and valid measure for evaluating students’ interpersonal communication skills and assessment skills.
Associations Among Daily Living Skills, Motor, and Sensory Difficulties in Autistic and Nonautistic Children
This article shows that a combination of motor challenges and sensory features better predict daily living skills than either motor or sensory challenges alone.
Impact of Culture, Spirituality, and Mental Health Attitudes on Intergenerational Asian-American Caregivers: A Pilot Study
Higher levels of spirituality and more positive mental health help-seeking attitudes were correlated with lower levels of self-reported caregiver burden in a survey of Asian-American caregivers.
Mental Practice and Manipulative Skills Training Among People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study
Perceived ADL performance and satisfaction with performance increased among people with MS when receiving mental practice (MP), MP + skills training, and conventional rehabilitation treatment.
The LDCDQ–TW demonstrated sound reliability and validity and can support the early identification of young children at risk of developmental coordination disorder in Taiwan.
Apathy Level, Disinhibition, and Psychiatric Conditions Are Related to the Employment Status of People With Traumatic Brain Injury
A study of people with TBI in Japan suggests that interventions for apathy and disinhibition, as well as management of psychiatric conditions, may increase employment status among this population.
Pilot Study of the Cognitive–Functional Intervention for Adults (Cog-Fun A): A Metacognitive–Functional Tool for Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
The findings presented here lend preliminary support to the effectiveness of the Cognitive–Functional Intervention for Adults, an intervention based on a metacognitive–functional treatment model for adults with ADHD.
This results of this study indicate that a hybrid model of telerehabilitation incorporating both in-person and distance-based treatment is likely optimal for SCI.
Volunteering as a Meaningful Occupation in the Process of Recovery From Serious Mental Illness: A Qualitative Study
A qualitative, phenomenological study of people living with SMI in Spain highlights the potential of volunteering to be a meaningful occupation in the SMI recovery process.
Using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory to Assess Self-Care Performance Among Preschool Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
The findings from this cross-sectional study have implications for how preschool children with ASD perform their self-care activities and suggest that more than half of preschool children with ASD have a need for occupational therapy interventions that target self-care skills.
Follow-Up Analyses From a Wait-List Controlled Trial of Occupational Therapist–Delivered Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Among Veterans With Chronic Insomnia
Occupational therapy practitioners with advanced training in CBT for insomnia have the potential to safely deliver an effective intervention to veterans with sleep disturbances.
Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy for Infants With or at Risk for Cerebral Palsy: A Scoping Review
This scoping review summarizes the existing literature on CIMT for infants with hemiplegic CP.
Interventions for Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Among Adults With Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review
This systematic review supports occupational therapy practitioners addressing PA and medication health management and maintenance IADLs through the use of coaching interventions when treating people with MS.
Baseline Global Cognitive Function Affects Cognitive and Functional Outcomes of Combined Physical and Cognitive Training Among Older Adults With Cognitive Decline
Findings in this study of combined physical and cognitive training may help refine current protocols and facilitate development of personalized combined training programs for older adults with cognitive impairments.
Functional Performance and the Allen Cognitive Level Screen for Adults With Mental Illness: A Scoping Review
This article provides the first synthesis of the existing literature on the relationship between ACLS scores and functional and adaptive functional performance of people living with mental illness.
Improving Competency in Safe Patient Handling Through Online Learning Beyond the Classroom: A Longitudinal Study
This longitudinal study demonstrates statistically significant improvements in skill levels when comparing the use of a competency evaluation combined with an online multimedia manual handling learning system.
Columns: Brief Report
Effects of the Change in Activity Participation During the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children’s Mental Health
This study of children’s activity participation before and during the COVID-19 pandemic found that pandemic-related restrictions on activity participation unfavorably affected children’s mental health.
This study found moderate to high internal consistency for all EASI Praxis tests as well as significant correlations between age and praxis scores, indicating that the tests are sensitive to developmental changes.
Columns: The Issue Is...
The authors describe common missteps of screening tool use in adult and pediatric practice and offer solutions to address these concerns.
Synopsis: This Evidence Connection article includes findings from a systematic review of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy practice that improve or maintain performance of or participation in IADLs for people living with MS.
This Practice Guideline provides a summary of strong to moderate evidence that supports clinical recommendations for the use of self-management interventions for adults with chronic conditions. Two case studies, with decision-making algorithms, are presented to highlight how occupational therapy practitioners can apply the evidence to practice.