Date Presented 04/22/2023

Improving future pediatricians’ perception of OT using virtual game-based simulations may foster interprofessional collaboration in pediatric primary care, thus potentially creating a collaborative role for OT in primary care early intervention.

Primary Author and Speaker: Jessica Trio

Contributing Authors: Maureen Johnson, Tracey Vause Earland

Pediatricians’ knowledge of occupational therapy practice is limited (Alotaibi et al., 2019). While building relationships with pediatricians is challenging (Jordan, 2019), there is an opportunity to serve the 81.3% of children under age 3 not receiving early intervention (EI) services (McManus et al., 2020) through interprofessional collaboration (IPC). Interprofessional collaborative simulation in pediatric medical residency education may foster knowledge and value of OT in pediatric primary care (PPC). This study explores a virtual PPC escape room to increase value of OT in simulated IPC (Bullard et al., 2019). This study is a quantitative analysis using a single-group, pre-post-survey design. Purposive sampling recruited six residents in a post-graduate year-1 cohort. Pre-post-surveys used the Knowledge and Attitude Toward Occupational Therapy Practice-Early Intervention Survey and The Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Toward Interprofessional Collaboration. The Evaluation of Participant Satisfaction with a Game-Based Educational Module: Escape Room Learning Activity was added in post-survey. Nonparametric analysis was completed using the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test. Descriptive statistics were reported for demographics, three statements on attitude towards OT, and participant satisfaction (with the escape room). No significant difference was found in the pre-post-survey of knowledge and perception toward OT and IPC however, using descriptive data from responses of three statements regarding attitude toward OT revealed improved positive responses. Descriptive statistics for participant satisfaction were high. Virtual escape rooms offer meaningful IPC experiences in a variety of settings. Imparting IPC in PPC with innovation can foster pediatric medical residents’ value of OT in future PPC practice.


Alotaibi, N. M., Manee, F. S., Murphy, L. J., & Rassafiani, M. (2019). Knowledge about and attitudes of interdisciplinary team members toward occupational therapy practice: Implications and future directions. Medical Principles and Practice, 28, 158–166.

Bullard, M. J., Fox, S. M., Wares, C. M., Heffner, A. C., Stephens, C., & Rossi, L. (2019). Simulation-based interdisciplinary education improves intern attitudes and outlook toward colleagues in other disciplines. BMC Medical Education, 19(276).

Jordan, K. (2019). Occupational therapy in primary care: Positioned and prepared to be a vital part of the team. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(5).

McManus, B. M., Richardson, Z., Schenkman, M., Murphy, N. J., Everhart, R. M., Hambidge, S., & Morrato, E. l. (2020). Child characteristics and early intervention referral and receipt of services: A retrospective cohort study. BMC Pediatrics, 20(84). 020-1965-x