Importance: Although cross-sectional studies have reported the relationships among performance of activities of daily living (ADLs), income satisfaction, and health satisfaction, longitudinal associations in stroke survivors remain unclear.

Objective: To examine the effects of ADL function and income satisfaction on health satisfaction over time in stroke survivors.

Design: Retrospective longitudinal study designs with latent growth curve models (LGMs) to control for time-varying and time-invariant covariates.

Setting: Community.

Participants: A total of 198 stroke survivors.

Outcomes and Measures: Self-reported ADL performance, income satisfaction, and health satisfaction.

Results: The average age of participants was 70.68 yr (SD = 8.09; 107 men, 91 women). Each LGM showed that an increase in ADL score (standardized β = 0.116∼0.296, all ps < .05) and income satisfaction (standardized β = 0.513∼0.726, all ps < .001) positively predicted health satisfaction over time, even after controlling for time-varying annual income, demographics, and behavioral characteristics. The fit results of all LGMs were within the acceptable range: χ2(47) = 66.378, p = .0327; χ2(47) = 57.742, p = .1355; root-mean-square error of approximation, <0.08; comparative fit index and Tucker–Lewis index, >0.90; standardized root-mean-square residual, <0.05.

Conclusions and Relevance: Because ADLs are significant modifiable health satisfaction factors, occupational therapy practitioners would need to focus more closely on ADL training in clinical settings. Furthermore, referring those clients to appropriate vocational rehabilitation to improve their income satisfaction would be necessary.

Plain-Language Summary: This study recognizes the unique challenges and opportunities that arise when stroke survivors are preparing to return to their communities by emphasizing the significance of ADL training and income satisfaction during this stage of recovery. The study suggests that the therapeutic use of ADL training and income satisfaction could increase health satisfaction for stroke survivors. Therefore, comprehensive ADL training, as an occupational therapy intervention, could be crucial for stroke survivors who are preparing to return to their community from a clinical setting. Furthermore, connecting with vocational rehabilitation could also be important for improving income satisfaction for stroke survivors who are preparing to return to a community.

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