The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity is high in people with stroke. Risk factors for these conditions include hypertension, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity. These risk factors are common in people with stroke and often go unmanaged. Engagement in healthy behaviors is important for managing and preventing these risk factors and comorbid conditions. More specifically, physical activity and nutrition are key health behaviors for the management and maintenance of health in people with stroke. These health behaviors, by their very nature, are also occupations; thus, they are influenced by client factors, performance skills and patterns, and environments and contexts. This article discusses physical activity and nutrition within the context of the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process and proposes potential roles for occupational therapy practitioners and researchers in developing, testing, and providing physical activity and nutrition interventions for people with stroke.

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