Date Presented 3/31/2017

This pretest–posttest RCT investigated the efficacy of exercise and thermal modalities (paraffin wax, hydrotherapy) in managing osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in hands. Little statistical data to support use of these modalities in arthritic hands exist. Significant scores indicating effectiveness of intervention methods were found.

Primary Author and Speaker: Said Nafai

Additional Authors and Speakers: Elizabeth Stevens-Nafai, Hashem Salman

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