Date Presented 4/1/2017

This study explores smartphone use in undergraduate students’ self-directed learning. The factors were identified, providing an understanding of how undergraduate students could be more motivated and effective in their short-term, self-directed learning under the influence of smartphone use.

Primary Author and Speaker: Ya-chun Chang

Additional Authors and Speakers: Kuan-Chen Chen, Wen Ting Chen, Ya-syuan Cai

Contributing Authors: Chang-Chih Robin Kuo

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