OBJECTIVE. We describe the methodological quality of recent studies on instrument development and testing published in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT).

METHOD. We conducted a systematic review using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist to appraise 48 articles on measurement properties of assessments for adults published in AJOT between 2009 and 2013.

RESULTS. Most studies had adequate methodological quality in design and statistical analysis. Common methodological limitations included that methods used to examine internal consistency were not consistently linked to the theoretical constructs underpinning assessments; participants in some test–retest reliability studies were not stable during the interim period; and in several studies of reliability and convergent validity, sample sizes were inadequate.

CONCLUSION.AJOT’s dissemination of psychometric research evidence has made important contributions to moving the profession toward the American Occupational Therapy Association’s Centennial Vision. This study’s results provide a benchmark by which to evaluate future accomplishments.

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