Abstract

OBJECTIVE. This study examined the effectiveness of occupational performance coaching in improving children’s and mothers’ occupational performance and mothers’ parenting self-competence.

METHOD. A one-group time-series design was used to evaluate changes in children’s (n = 29) and mothers’ (n = 8) occupational performance at four time points: (1) pre–wait list, (2) preintervention, (3) postintervention, and (4) follow-up.

RESULTS. Significant improvements in occupational performance occurred postintervention for children, F(1, 78) = 153.72, p < .001, η2 = .86, and mothers, F(1, 78) = 153.72, p < .001, η2 = .86, that were maintained 6 wk after intervention. Mothers’ self-competence in parenting also improved, F(1, 72) = 17.36, p < .001, η2 = .42.

CONCLUSION. Findings provide preliminary evidence supporting the effectiveness of occupational performance coaching in improving children’s and mothers’ occupational performance and mothers’ parenting self-competence. Improvements were sustained and appeared to generalize to other areas of performance.

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