Objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of a Draw-A-Man Test in measuring personal neglect in patients with right brain stroke.
Method. Draw-A-Man Test was administered to 51 persons with right cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and 110 age-matched persons without brain insult. A categorical classification was developed based on the man drawn in the test. Participants who showed homogeneous bilateral representation of body parts were considered to not have personal neglect, whereas those who showed unilateral body parts were considered to have personal neglect. The completed tests were used to blindly categorize the persons with and without personal neglect according to the above definition by two raters for calculating interrater reliability. The Klein-Bell ADL (Activities of Daily Living) Scale was also administered to the participants with right CVA to validate the Draw-A-Man Test.
Results. This dichotomy—bilateral representation versus unilateral representation—showed a high percentage of agreement between two raters. Rater A classified all 110 “normal” participants as being without personal neglect and classified 13 of the 51 participants with stroke as having personal neglect. Participants demonstrating personal neglect showed significantly poorer ADL performance than did those without personal neglect. ADL performance was also found to be significantly related to somatosensation, motor status of the impaired limbs, and muscle strength of the sound limbs. However, even after controlling the effect of these variables by partial correlation, personal neglect was still highly related to ADL performance.
Conclusion. The Draw-A-Man Test is a reliable and valid tool for discriminating clients with personal neglect from those without.