Continuing changes in human services confront occupational therapy students with challenges and opportunities not traditionally associated with entry-level practice. Consultation as an approach to occupational therapy practice has become more prominent in many settings. Although consultation is normally associated with skilled or expert practice, new practitioners are expected to provide consultation so that an occupational therapy perspective can be incorporated into interdisciplinary and consumer-based service plans. In this article, we review models of consultation and propose that issues of knowledge, interpersonal skills, and diversity readiness are essential to effectively prepare new practitioners for consultation. Problem-based learning is recommended as a technique to expose students to the complexity and diversity of issues to be addressed in consultation. Examples of instructional units that demonstrate the functions of a consultant are provided.

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