This article describes the Volitional Questionnaire and presents recent empirical efforts to develop and validate this instrument. The Volitional Questionnaire is an observational method of gathering data on motivation that is designed for persons who are unable to self-report their own motives. Studies to date suggest that the instrument can provide a valid measure of volition, though a number of limitations of the tool are noted. Implications for use of the Volitional Questionnaire in practice and for further refinement and future research are discussed.

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