The construct of perceived self-efficacy, proposed to explain the discrepancy between skill and actual performance, has received widespread attention in the psychological and medical literature. This paper describes the construct in detail, including the difference between self-esteem and perceived self-efficacy, and proposes a goodness of fit with occupational therapy practice.

It is postulated that attention to the assessment and monitoring of perceived self-efficacy, along with the use of activities that closely approximate the actual activities to be performed in the community, will result in improved occupational performance and thus, better occupational therapy outcomes. Occupational therapists are challenged to identify and incorporate this construct into their day-to-day clinical programs to enhance treatment outcomes.

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