Household work has only recently become a valid topic of study. Feminist scholars were among the first social scientists to draw attention to women’s unpaid work in the home. Although household work occupations are frequently used for assessment and treatment within practice, occupational therapy literature demonstrates a paucity in the area of these occupations. This review of the feminist literature summarizes theory and research that explore the historical, political, social, and personal meanings of household work. Feminist analysis of household work may sensitize occupational therapists to the complex interactions of these meanings and lead them to the realization that women’s responsibility for unpaid work in the home may have repercussions in the daily lives of both women and men.