The public is becoming increasingly cognizant of the importance of proactive health behavior and is seeking assistance from health care professionals in their pursuit of wellness. As occupational therapy strives to meet this growing consumer demand, a historical review of the profession’s involvement in proactive health activities can enhance its response. Since its inception, occupational therapy has recognized the importance of both preventive action and the promotion of wellness. In this paper, the significant historical events in this area are discussed to stimulate future research and clinical application in health promotion.

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