During the World War I era, Eleanor Clarke Slagle directed Special Courses in Curative Occupations and Recreation at the Henry B. Favill School of Occupations, in cooperation with the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, in Chicago, Illinois. This paper describes this pioneer course in occupational therapy education. The influence of the settlement house setting, course descriptions from the school’s bulletin, and Slagle’s philosophy with related experiences drawn from her correspondence and curriculum vitae are presented. The program of study was short lived (1915 to 1920). There are indications that although this program was highly regarded under Slagle’s leadership, it was not continued after her resignation and departure from Chicago in 1920.