Abstract

The processes underlying skill acquisition depend on the nature of the task and the stage of the learner. In addition, feedback and practice are two potent learning variables when used appropriately in the instruction of motor tasks. Occupational therapists involved in the training and retraining of motor skills can benefit from knowledge of instructional methods used by coaches and physical educators. This paper reviews commonly accepted principles of motor learning and applies these principles to occupational therapy treatment. The stage of the learner, type of task, feedback, practice, and facilitation of skill acquisition are emphasized. Specific examples of how occupational therapists can use motor learning principles in treatment are given.

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