This review of the occupational therapy literature on barrier-free design identifies both a paucity of related occupational therapy research on the topic and a lack of a common conceptual base with which to guide the development and use of environmental assessments. Nonetheless, two fledgling themes can be extrapolated: the consistent reference to the concepts of accessibility, mobility, function, and safety and an increased awareness among occupational therapists regarding the accessibility standards developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) (ANSI, 1971, 1980). A problem-solving model suggested by designers for the 1979 revision of ANSI standards that incorporates these conceptual themes is described and discussed.
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Copyright © 1991 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.