This paper describes the Spinal Treatment Program at Columbia Hospital in Milwaukee. The primary goal of the program is to efficiently return the employee with a work-related back injury to the work setting. The two-phase program has been developed to provide treatment of acute injury, patient education, work hardening, and an assessment of the patient’s ability to perform job tasks. Preliminary evaluative data are presented for patients treated from 1982 to 1984. The patient’s discharge status (returned or did not return to work) was examined as a function of sex, age, educational level, employment category, duration of pain, or worker’s compensation status. Results indicated that discharge status was significantly related to sex, employment category, duration of pain, and worker’s compensation status.