Although continuing education in the health professions is an important endeavor, it has been largely neglected in the professional literature. Few studies have been done on (a) conceptual models to guide the design and implementation of continuing education and (b) the use of such models in continuing education. To fill this gap, two such models are described in this article: (a) instructional development and (b) community development. Combining and using these models can lead to more effective continuing education with more enduring effects. Principles to guide the implementation of these models are presented. An arthritis continuing education project based on the instructional and community development models is used to illustrate these principles. This continuing education project focused on occupational and physical therapists in clinical practice.