Occupational therapists in private practice must develop sound business policies and procedures to help ensure third party reimbursement for their services. Carefully delineated protocols and proper documentation in treatment are of utmost importance. Fee schedules are established within the framework of local government regulations, using one or a combination of the following methods: unit value system, modalities and procedures, cost-plus or overhead, and state relative value system or maximum allowable fees. Blue Cross/Blue Shield or other private third party payers, Medicare or Medicaid, and workers’ compensation insurers are the usual parties billed for services rendered. Therapists must use good public relations methods to educate their present and future reimbursers and act as advocates for private practitioners in occupational therapy.