In this article an empirical approach is used to investigate the master’s degree structure in a bachelor’s level profession. The literature of nursing, business administration, social work, and physical therapy is reviewed to determine prevailing degree structures and attitudes, evaluate the adequacy of the master’s degree structure in occupational therapy, and delineate factors entering into structural decisions. The review demonstrates the feasibility and desirability of requiring basic master’s students to meet advanced master’s degree criteria. However, it fails to substantiate unreservedly the logical necessity for so doing. Recommendations for educational practice and research are detailed.